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The research aims to identify the qualitative composition of the population of Arab countries by using the ratio of gender and knowing the spatial variance thereof, the countries in which they rise and vice versa, while clarifying trends of change for the period (2010- 2018), and clarifying the risk of a defect in the proportions of the population type at the level of Arab countries on the characteristics The other population of them. The research problem is: Is the type of population of Arab countries suffering from a defect or a demographic disorder during the period 2000-2018? And if he finds what are his causes? And the extent of spatial variation of type ratios? What are the effects? The research hypothesis is that the proportions of the population type suffer from a change and inequality that appears through the spatial variation of male and female proportions of the population of Arab countries for the period (2010-2018), and for various reasons according to each country. The effects also varied between economic, social and political. The importance of the research lies in clarifying the qualitative composition of the population of Arab countries, by adopting the gender ratio and the extent of its change for the period 2000-2018, and if this percentage suffers from a defect that has an impact on the shape and movement of the population of the study area community by focusing on the nature of this effect and its causes. The research relied on the geographic descriptive and analytical method, and based on the World Bank statistical data for the population of Arab countries, in addition to books and academic publications. The research reached several results, the most important of which is the increase in the number of male residents of Arab countries between 2010 and 2018 with a growth rate of (1.92%), with a slight increase in their percentage of the total population with a change of (0.2%), and the number of females has increased with a population growth rate of (0.2%) With a decrease in their percentage of the total population by a change of (-0.2%) between 2010 and 2018, the gender ratio of the population of Arab countries was characterized by its relative stability for the period (2010-2018), as it increased from (106.8) males per 100 females in 2010 To (107.6) males for every 100 females in 2018, with a change of (1.2), and the percentage of gender increases in the Arab Gulf countries to the highest in the United Arab Emirates due to the large size of employment For the expatriate, where the expatriates constitute about 95% of the workforce. As for the lowest percentages of the type achieved in the Arab Maghreb countries that are expelling countries due to political and economic instability, the lowest percentage was in the state of Tunisia and for the period (2010-2018) had serious implications for Vital signs such as births, deaths and marriages.



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    RESSJOURNAL's issue 10/5 (September 2023) is published. RESSJOURNAL's new issue (100th Anniversary Special Issue) will be published on October 29, 2023. We are waiting for your qualified articles.

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